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Performance assessments and the effect on barley seed quality regarding a new developed grain dryer

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dc.contributor.author Arsenoaia, Vlad Nicolae
dc.contributor.author Băetu, Marius
dc.contributor.author Murariu, Otilia Cristina
dc.contributor.author Robu, Dragoș
dc.contributor.author Cârlescu, Petru Marian
dc.contributor.author Țenu, Ioan
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-22T11:18:09Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-22T11:18:09Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Arsenoaia, Vlad Nicolae, Marius Băetu, Otilia Cristina Murariu, Dragoș Robu, Petru Marian Cârlescu, Ioan Țenu. 2018. "Performance assessments and the effect on barley seed quality regarding a new developed grain dryer". Lucrări Ştiinţifice USAMV - Iaşi Seria Agronomie 61(2): 21-24.
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.uaiasi.ro/xmlui/handle/20.500.12811/472
dc.description.abstract Convective dryers are widely used in various fields, such as for drying pasta, fruit, vegetables, agricultural plant seeds etc. Several variants of dryers have been designed so far, such as: dryers with intermediate heating of the drying agent, dryers with partial recirculation of the drying agent, closed circuit dryers and those ones with combined technical solutions. None of the above solves the problem regarding the drying agent flow uniformity. In the case of existing world-wide tower dryers, drying is more intense towards the end of the drying agent mixing chamber. To overcome this shortcoming, an innovative cylindrical tower dryer was conceived, which evens the drying agent parameters. The dryer contains a conical device mounted inside the perforated cylinder above the burner. This device is based on the Coandă effect according to which, a fluid jet has the tendency to stay attached to a convex surface. The device has been designed after Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations (CFD), after which optimum setting adjustments have been made to achieve uniformity of the speed and temperature profiles across the entire interior surface of the perforated cylinder, regardless the porosity of the seed layer. Experiments were conducted using barley seeds with three initial moisture contents, five air temperatures (40oC to 80oC) and four fan speeds (1 m/s to 2.5 m/s). The obtained results showed a reduction of protein loss of up to 1.77%, a reduction of germination capacity loss of up to 9.87%, a decrease of the energy consumption of up to 10-15% and a decrease of the drying time of up to 20%, compared to the results obtained with a conventional tower dryer. The advantages of using the new developed dryer are: drying process uniformity, energy consumption and drying time reduction, seed quality improvement, construction cost reduction and material economy. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Iaşi en_US
dc.subject tower dryer en_US
dc.subject seed dehydration en_US
dc.subject protein content en_US
dc.subject germination capacity en_US
dc.title Performance assessments and the effect on barley seed quality regarding a new developed grain dryer en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.author.affiliation Vlad Nicolae Arsenoaia, Marius Băetu, Otilia Cristina Murariu, Dragoș Robu, Petru Marian Cârlescu, Ioan Țenu, “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Iaşi
dc.publicationName Lucrări Ştiinţifice USAMV - Iaşi Seria Agronomie
dc.volume 61
dc.issue 2
dc.publicationDate 2018
dc.startingPage 21
dc.endingPage 24
dc.identifier.eissn 2069-6727


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