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Grasslands and forage crops - important factors for remediation of degraded soils in the Republic of Moldova

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dc.contributor.author Leah, Tamara
dc.date.accessioned 2022-03-22T07:39:21Z
dc.date.available 2022-03-22T07:39:21Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Leah, Tamara. 2013. "Grasslands and forage crops - important factors for remediation of degraded soils in the Republic of Moldova". Lucrări Ştiinţifice USAMV - Iaşi Seria Agronomie 56(2): 17-22.
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.uaiasi.ro/xmlui/handle/20.500.12811/2229
dc.description.abstract Meadows, pastures and hayfields in the Republic of Moldova are considered the vulnerable zones within which indicators are exceeded systematic environmental quality compared to standardized norms, causing serious damage to the state's environmental consequences. Area of spontaneous grassland is growing, while arable land and permanent crops decreased. This increase was mainly the failure to culture of arable land, which was abandoned after 1990. Another cause, which led to changes in grazing areas, it is the property. Pastures are not privatized, they are in public ownership. In the 1995 the owned privately pasture area made up 58300 ha, in 2012 - 2100 ha. Forage production consists: 5% - production of grasslands, 95% - production of cereals, legumes, secondary production of agricultural plants. The main cereal crops and legumes used as animal feed are winter barley, oats, mixed cereals crops, grain legumes, and fodder vetch. From 1980 until 1992 the main production of forage crops – maize, silage and green fodder, sugar beet fodder had a significant increase, and after 1992 - a considerable decreased. Currently, the sown annual and multiannual grasses surfaces in the all categories decreased by 6 times, compared with 1990. In recent years there is a trend of growth the annual and perennial grasses surfaces, but this area does not cover the needs of the country in feed because yields are very low. Reducing the areas of grassland and forage crops will lead to further degradation of soils and environment. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher “Ion Ionescu de la Brad” University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Iaşi en_US
dc.subject grassland en_US
dc.subject fodder crops en_US
dc.subject soil degradation en_US
dc.subject anthropogenic factors en_US
dc.title Grasslands and forage crops - important factors for remediation of degraded soils in the Republic of Moldova en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.author.affiliation Tamara Leah, „Nicolae Dimo” Institute of Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Soil Protection, Chisinau, Moldova
dc.publicationName Lucrări Ştiinţifice USAMV - Iaşi Seria Agronomie
dc.volume 56
dc.issue 2
dc.publicationDate 2013
dc.startingPage 17
dc.endingPage 22
dc.identifier.eissn 2069-6727


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